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(Documentation for the EXPERT Actions menu)
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(Actions)


Actions Menu: [Actions like erasing, cloning and resizing]

Open partition, Browse s-F9

From main menu: Actions -> Open partition, Browse s-F9

Select and open a partition, then Browse its filesystems directories / files


    This will present a selection-list of partitions, and after
    selection will continue with a regular 'browse' session on
    the opened partition/filesystem (like the <F9> action).

    This is useful mainly to browse several filesystems/partitions
    in succession, since after exiting a browse session, starting
    another browse (with <F9> for example) will just restart it on
    the same filesystem, with a choice of using the last directory
    or start in another specified path.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

   


Browse FS, directory/files F9

From main menu: Actions -> Browse FS, directory/files F9

Browse files/directories in a list from a single directory, or current list

Menu item screenshot(s)


    This will show the contents of a single directory, specified
    by a PATH from the ROOT directory, or by selecting a directory
    from the browse list itself (including the '..' directory).

    Alternatively, the CURRENT contents of the sectorlist can be
    browsed, when available (by specifying a '.' for the directory

    The list can be browsed in an interactive dialog, a bit like
    a regular filemanager.

    The dialog will allow 'actions' to be performed on the listed
    files/directories, using <ENTER> to get the popup menu:

                 - View contents, as ASCII on File/Dir
                 - View as x86 Assembler - disassembly
                 - HEX-edit, contents only on File/Dir
                 - Edit Contents, autoview on File/Dir
                 - View OS/2 EA or Xattr on a File/Dir
                 - Edit DATA area sectors for File/Dir
                 - Edit META:Inode/Fnode/MFT/Dir-entry
                 - Edit the base filename for File/Dir
                 - Copy/Recover File(s) to other drive
                 - Reduce list to SELECTED files only

    When the browse session is ended (<Esc> or <F3> key):

      - the SAME filesystem/partition stays selected
        You can restart browse the same partition with the <F9> key,
        or start browsing another partition from the Actions menu
        using: 'Actions -> Open Partition, Browse FS'

      - the sector-list contains the last browsed directory
        and can be viewed with commands like 'list -f

      - The last entry (file) that was selected will also be set
        as the current sector-location ('this'), so it easy to
        analyse that furthher, for example by using the HEX-editor
        that can be started with <F2>, or simply by viewing the
        sector using the <Enter> key.
    Note: When working in 'mode=FDISK' (with a whole disk opened)
          you will be presented with a selection-list to pick a
          partition with a filesystem first.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

   



Bad-sector scan, read only

From main menu: Actions -> Bad-sector scan, read only

Scan for bad-sectors using Read-Only (fast); Shows the disk-speed as well

Menu item screenshot(s)


    This will try to read every sector of the current opened object,
    and report on any read-errors encountered along the way.
    The object may be a disk, partition, volume or even an image.

    All unreadable sectors will be added to the sector-list for later
    reference and can be exported to a file from there as well.

    After ending the SCAN at the end of the object, or when <Esc> is
    used to terminate it, the speed of reading is calculated and
    displayed too. This is a good indication for read-performce.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

   


Full read/write/verify Scan

From main menu: Actions -> Full read/write/verify Scan

Scan for bad-sectors using Read-Invert-Write-Read-Write algorithm (slow)

Menu item screenshot(s)


    This is similar to the readonly SCAN, but it will write to the
    object as well as read. To make sure no data is lost or damaged
    doing that, it is actually a read-invert-write-read-invert-write'
    cycle with a verify of the data after the second read.

    This makes it a very reliable and safe method of finding bad sectors
    but it also makes it VERY SLOW! (up to 20 times slower than a RO-SCAN)

    All unreadable sectors will be added to the sector-list for later
    reference and can be exported to a file from there as well.

    After ending the SCAN the speed of scanning is calculated and
    displayed too. This is an indication for read/write-performce, but
    since there are TWO reads and writes in every cycle the number must
    at least be doubled.

    Combined read/write is much slower than just reading or just writing
    because it messes up the disk-caching.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

   



Erase, wipe selected areas

From main menu: Actions -> Erase, wipe selected areas

Erase or wipe selected object, freespace areas or unused filesystem sectors


    This submenu contains all menu-items related to WIPING sectors.

    Wiping is clearing, erasing selected sectors with a pattern,
    quite often of all ZERO bytes.

    Several selections are possible including the current object,
    being a disk, volume or partition, or the freespace in an
    opened filesystem, or a freespace area on a partitioned disk.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

   


Erase, wipe 'This' sector(s)

From main menu: Actions -> Erase, wipe selected areas -> Erase, wipe 'This' sector(s)

Wipe one or more sectors to ZEROES at the 'this' sector in current object

Menu item screenshot(s)


    This will erase one or more sectors on the current object with
    ZEROES, starting at the current sector 'this'

    This can be very useful to selectively erase specific filesystem
    structures like an Fnode, MFT record or similar.

    The number of sectors to be erased can be specified in a popup
    dialog-box that will also show the start sector number 'this'.

    After specifying the #sectors, there will be a final confirmation

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    


Erase, wipe current object

From main menu: Actions -> Erase, wipe selected areas -> Erase, wipe current object

Wipe object (disk/part/vol) completely clean with zeroes. (ALL DATA LOST!)

Menu item screenshot(s)


    This will erase ALL DATA on the current object by filling all
    sectors with ZEROES. Only the most advanced data-recovery methods
    would be able to recover data after wiping it this way.

    It removes any remains of partitioning information when used on a
    disk, or of confidential file-data when used on a partition or
    a whole disk.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    


SECURE wipe current object

From main menu: Actions -> Erase, wipe selected areas -> SECURE wipe current object

Wipe object (disk/part/vol) in DoD SECURE way. (slow and UNRECOVERABLE!)

Menu item screenshot(s)


    This will securely erase ALL DATA on the current object by writing
    a pattern, an inverted pattern and random data, then verifying that
    it really got written. DATA WILL NOT BE RECOVERABLE IN ANY WAY!

    This is an algorithm aproved + specified by the USA
    departement of defense in 'Standard DoD 5220.22-M'.

    It removes any remains of partitioning information when used on a
    disk, or of confidential file-data when used on a partition or
    a whole disk.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    



Erase, wipe Freespace-area

From main menu: Actions -> Erase, wipe selected areas -> Erase, wipe Freespace-area

Wipe all sectors in the area of freespace to be selected (clean old garbage)

Menu item screenshot(s)


    This will clear ALL SECTORS in an area of freespace to be selected
    with ZEROES. Only the most advanced data-recovery methods would
    be able to recover data after wiping it this way.

    It removes any remains of partitioning information or confidential
    file-data that might have resided in this area before it became
    freespace.

    Freespace areas are all areas on a disk that are NOT in-use by any
    partition or by partition-tables or related structures.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    


Selection of this item leads to a dynamic created submenu, to select a freespace area to be used


Wipe all sectors in list

From main menu: Actions -> Erase, wipe selected areas -> Wipe all sectors in list

Wipe all sectors in the sectorlist to ZEROES (as listed by 'list -w')

Menu item screenshot(s)


    This will WIPE every sector in the sector-list to ZEROES.

    There are several possible uses for this function, like:

       - Erasing filenodes (HPFS) for deleted files
         This will exclude the files from subsequent searching
         for deleted files, making UNDELETE impossible.

           Create list using: Mode=HPFS -> Search deleted files => list

       - Erasing all partitioning related sectors from a disk
         This will make sure new partitioning will not inherit
         ANYTHING from the previous setup of the same disk.

           Create list using: Mode=FDISK -> Search partitioning sectors

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    



Zero freespace in filesystem

From main menu: Actions -> Erase, wipe selected areas -> Zero freespace in filesystem

Wipe all FREE sectors/clusters in the filesystem to ZERO. (.IMZ optimizer)

Menu item screenshot(s)


    This will wipe all unused sectors or clusters in the current filesystem
    with ZEROES.

    This will remove any remains of deleted files or other garbage that was
    on the partition. This will make any UNDELETE of files impossible!
    (except for files in the Windows trashcan or OS/2 DELDIR)

    Clearing the freespace will make compressing a filesystem much more
    effective, including creating a compressed IMAGE file (.IMZ).

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    


SECUREWIPE freespace in FS

From main menu: Actions -> Erase, wipe selected areas -> SECUREWIPE freespace in FS

SECUREWIPE FREE sectors/clusters in the filesystem, SLOW! (DoD 5520.22 spec)

Menu item screenshot(s)


    This will wipe all unused sectors or clusters in the current filesystem
    repeatedly as specified by the US military Dod 5520.22 specification.

    It will remove any remains of deleted files or other garbage that was
    on the partition. This will make any UNDELETE of files impossible!
    (except for files in the Windows trashcan or OS/2 DELDIR)

    This will make ANY recovery of the wiped (file) areas impossible!

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    


Format with FAT filesystem

From main menu: Actions -> Format with FAT filesystem

FORMAT a partition to be selected from a list, selecting options in a dialog


    This submenu contains menu-items to FORMAT a disk partition
    to be selected, or the current opened object with a FAT or
    FAT32 filesystem.

    Several properties of the new filesystem can be selected in
    the FAT format dialog, or by using one of the pre-configured
    choices in the lower part of the submenu (like OS2LDR).

    Formatting is writing new filesystem structures into the area,
    making it an EMPTY but valid filesystem of the desired type.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

   


A Partition to be selected

From main menu: Actions -> Format with FAT filesystem -> A Partition to be selected

FORMAT a partition to an EMPTY FAT or FAT32 filesystem (all data is LOST!)

Menu item screenshot(s)


    This selection will perform a FORMAT of the partition to be 
    selected to the FAT or FAT32 filesystem format, after setting
    options in a dialog with the following fields:

    Cluster size      Only VALID clustersizes will be presented,
    ( )  1 sector     and an optimal default value will be set
    ( )  2 sectors    as the active selection.
    ( )  4 sectors
    (*)  8 sectors    Small clusters may reduce wasted space with
    ( ) 16 sectors    many small files, while large clusters may
    ( ) 32 sectors    decrease fragmentation and increase the read
    ( ) 64 sectors    and write performance for large files.

    ( ) 12-bit FAT    Used below 4096 clusters (like diskettes)
    ( ) 16-bit FAT    Used up to 2 GiB, readable on many OS's
    (*) 32-bit FAT    Used beyond 2 GiB, or when a small cluster
                      size is desired for other reasons.

    Use boot-code aimed at OS:   [Windows 9x ]

                      This allows you to select between several
                      bootcode variants allowing it to actually
                      boot that related operating system.
                      NOT RELEVANT for data partitions!

     Root entries     The number of directory entries that are
    [512         ]    available in the ROOT directory (FAT12/16)

     Volume Label     The label as recorded in the bootsector as
    [DFSee123456 ]    well as the ROOT directory of the FAT FS
                      The default reflects the partition location

     SerialNumber     Volume serial number, should be unique for
    [ee123456    ]    removable media. Default based on location
                      or timestamp when it is not a partition.

     Offset FAT-1     Offset from the bootsector to first FAT area
    [1           ]    default 1 for FAT12/16 and hex 20 for FAT32.

    [ ] Use LONG format, initialize all clusters to ZERO contents

        This will erase the whole data-area, making sure no old
        information is retained. Note that, unlike regular FORMAT
        the current DFSee version does NOT check for bad-clusters!

    Formatting a partition or volume will destroy ALL data
    that is currently on it, and is NOT recoverable!

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    


Selection of this item leads to a dynamic created submenu, to select a partition to be used

Currently opened object ...

From main menu: Actions -> Format with FAT filesystem -> Currently opened object ...

Format the CURRENT opened object with a FAT filesystem specified in a dialog

Menu item screenshot(s)


    This selection will perform a FORMAT of the current object to
    the FAT or FAT32 filesystem format, after setting options in
    a dialog with the following fields:

    Cluster size      Only VALID clustersizes will be presented,
    ( ) 512 bytes     and an optimal default value will be set
    ( )   1 KiB       as the active selection.
    ( )   2 KiB
    (*)   4 KiB       Small clusters may reduce wasted space with
    ( )   8 KiB       many small files, while large clusters may
    ( )  16 KiB       decrease fragmentation and increase the read
    ( )  32 KiB       and write performance for large files.

    ( ) 12-bit FAT    Used below 4096 clusters (like diskettes)
    ( ) 16-bit FAT    Used up to 2 GiB, readable on many OS's
    (*) 32-bit FAT    Used beyond 2 GiB, or when a small cluster
                      size is desired for other reasons.

    Use boot-code aimed at OS:   [Classic  MS-DOS ]

                      This allows you to select between several
                      bootcode variants allowing it to actually
                      boot that related operating system.
                      NOT RELEVANT for data partitions!

     Root entries     The number of directory entries that are
    [512         ]    available in the ROOT directory (FAT12/16)

     Volume Label     The label as recorded in the bootsector as
    [DFSee123456 ]    well as the ROOT directory of the FAT FS
                      The default reflects the partition location

     SerialNumber     Volume serial number, should be unique for
    [ee123456    ]    removable media. Default based on location
                      or timestamp when it is not a partition.

     Offset FAT-1     Offset from the bootsector to first FAT area
    [1           ]    default 1 for FAT12/16 and hex 20 for FAT32.

    [ ] Use LONG format, initialize all clusters to ZERO contents

        This will erase the whole data-area, making sure no old
        information is retained. Note that, unlike regular FORMAT
        the current DFSee version does NOT check for bad-clusters!

    Formatting a partition or volume will destroy ALL data
    that is currently on it, and is NOT recoverable!

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    



Current, OS2LDR.SEK Bootable

From main menu: Actions -> Format with FAT filesystem -> Current, OS2LDR.SEK Bootable

Format CURRENT object as FAT16 + OS2LDR code (Bootable USB, Large Floppy)


    This is a pre-configured FORMAT of the CURRENT opened object
    to a FAT16 filesystem, using the 'OS2LDR.SEK' boot code.

    All other properties like clustersize are automatically set
    to optimal values for the size of the filesystem.

    The resulting FAT filesystem and bootcode may be used to
    create a bootable OS/2 system on so called 'Large Floppy'
    media like USB memory sticks.

    Note: Menu item will be DISABLED if the current object
          is too large for a FAT16 filesystem.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    



Resize partition and FS

From main menu: Actions -> Resize partition and FS

Resize partition (-tables) and the filesystem structures in that partition


    This submenu contains all menu-items related to RESIZING

    In all cases, you NEED to have a harddisk-partition selected for
    the menu-entries to be enabled, making the functions available.

      Limitations:

      The RESIZE menu is implemented using a generic command, but
      it requires a filesystem dependent part to be implemented.
      Currently that is ONLY available for FAT, FAT32, HPFS and NTFS

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

   


Resize, make partition smaller

From main menu: Actions -> Resize partition and FS -> Resize, make partition smaller

Resize the current partition, making it smaller (truncating, make freespace)

Menu item screenshot(s)


    This will resize the current partition to a size that is SMALLER
    than its present size, in other words, TRUNCATE the partition

    You will be prompted to specify a new size for the partition, with
    a minimum and a maximum value displayed for your convenience.
    The size entered will be rounded to make the partition cylinder
    aligned, just like any newly created partitions.

    When the system uses (IBM-style) LVM-information, it will be
    updated to reflect the new size of the partition.

    Data within the partition will NOT BE MOVED by DFSee, so to make a
    resize possible it may be needed to defragment it, or otherwise
    optimize the partition so that the data is moved to the beginning.

    A reason to resize partitions is to make freespace available to
    allow installation of another operating system.

      Limitations:

      The RESIZE menu is implemented using a generic command, but
      it requires a filesystem dependent part to be implemented.
      Currently that is ONLY available for FAT, FAT32, HPFS and NTFS

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    


Expand, make partition larger

From main menu: Actions -> Resize partition and FS -> Expand, make partition larger

Resize the current partition, making it larger (expanding, using freespace)

Menu item screenshot(s)


    This will resize the current partition to a size that is LARGER
    than its present size, in other words, EXPAND the partition

    You will be prompted to specify a new size for the partition, with
    a minimum and a maximum value displayed for your convenience.
    The size entered will be rounded to make the partition cylinder
    aligned, just like any newly created partitions.

    When the system uses (IBM-style) LVM-information, it will be
    updated to reflect the new size of the partition.

    Expanding a partition is often done to use remaining freespace
    on the disk for an existing partition. However, DFSee will only
    allow expanding a partition to use freespace that is DIRECTLY
    after the partition.

      Limitations:

      Expanding is supported for FAT32, NTFS and HPFS filesystems.

      FAT16 fileystems can only be expanded to about 65500 clusters,
      at most doubling the current partition size. This is because
      the clustersize itself can not be changed using DFSee.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    


Adjust FS to partition size

From main menu: Actions -> Resize partition and FS -> Adjust FS to partition size

Resize the filesystem in current partition to use the WHOLE partition size

Menu item screenshot(s)


    This will adjust the filesystem present in the current partition
    to take up the WHOLE size of the partition ('resize -max')

    Usually this will mean making the filesystem LARGER so it fills
    the whole partition, and not just the start of it as may happen
    after restoring a filesystem-image to a partition that is larger
    than the original one was.

    In some cases it could also make the filesystem SMALLER to make
    it fit in the current partition. This will only work correctly
    if the end of the partition (that does not fit) was EMPTY.
    This may happen when restoring a filesystem-image into a
    a partition that is smaller than the original was.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    



Move or Copy a partition

From main menu: Actions -> Move or Copy a partition

Move or Copy the CURRENT open partition; You MUST select a partition first!


    This submenu contains all menu-items related to MOVING or
    COPYING complete partitions within, or to other freespace areas.

    In all cases, you NEED to have a harddisk-partition selected for
    the menu-entries to be enabled, making the functions available.

    When the target location is another freespace area, the new partition
    will be aligned for that disk geometry, unless '-align-' is used, by
    checking 'Do NOT align target partition to cylinder/Mib boundaries'

    Moving partitions between MBR-style and GPT-style disks is supported,
    the partition type will be determined automatically, but may need
    manual correction after the operation is completed.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

   


Copy Part to freespace area

From main menu: Actions -> Move or Copy a partition -> Copy Part to freespace area

Copy current partition to a different freespace area, do NOT delete original

Menu item screenshot(s)


    This will CLONE the whole partition contents to another freespace
    area selected from a list of suitable ones. The original partition
    will NOT be deleted making the result a true COPY ...

    Only freespace areas that are large enough, and are compatible with
    the PRIMARY/LOGICAL property of the partition, are suitable.

    The partition tables and LVM-information when present, will be
    updated to reflect the new position.

    When the partition is a bootable one (ACTIVE), the new partition
    created in the freespace area will be made bootable as well.

    MOVE/COPY of a partition that is part of a multi-partition
    LVM volume is NOT supported yet! In that case the menu
    items related to MOVE/COPY will be disabled!

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    


Selection of this item leads to a dynamic created submenu, to select a freespace area to be used

Move Part to freespace area

From main menu: Actions -> Move or Copy a partition -> Move Part to freespace area

Move current partition to a different freespace area (deleting the original)


    This will CLONE the whole partition contents to another freespace
    area selected from a list of suitable ones. The original partition
    will be DELETED making the result a true MOVE ...

    Only freespace areas that are large enough, and are compatible with
    the PRIMARY/LOGICAL property of the partition, are suitable.

    The partition tables and LVM-information when present, will be
    updated to reflect the new position.

    When the partition is a bootable one (ACTIVE), the new partition
    created in the freespace area will be made bootable as well.

    MOVE/COPY of a partition that is part of a multi-partition
    LVM volume is NOT supported yet! In that case the menu
    items related to MOVE/COPY will be disabled!

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    


Selection of this item leads to a dynamic created submenu, to select a freespace area to be used


Move towards END of freespace

From main menu: Actions -> Move or Copy a partition -> Move towards END of freespace

Move current partition towards the END of freespace (higher cylinder-number)

Menu item screenshot(s)


    This will move the whole partition contents towards the end of
    the freespace area, to higher sector/cylinder numbers.

    The partition tables and LVM-information when present, will be
    updated to reflect the new position.

    In moving the actual data, unused sectors/clusters are skipped
    (smart) UNLESS the original and new location are OVERLAPPING.
    In that case the 'smart' option is ignored, and the
    copy action will be significantly slower!

    MOVE/COPY of a partition that is part of a multi-partition
    LVM volume is NOT supported yet! In that case the menu
    items related to MOVE/COPY will be disabled!

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    


Move towards BEGIN freespace

From main menu: Actions -> Move or Copy a partition -> Move towards BEGIN freespace

Move current partition towards BEGIN of freespace (lower cylinder-number)


    This will move the whole partition contents towards the beginning
    of the freespace area, to lower sector/cylinder numbers.

    The partition tables and LVM-information when present, will be
    updated to reflect the new position.

    In moving the actual data, unused sectors/clusters are skipped
    (smart) UNLESS the original and new location are OVERLAPPING.
    In that case the 'smart' option is ignored, and the
    copy action will be significantly slower!

    MOVE/COPY of a partition that is part of a multi-partition
    LVM volume is NOT supported yet! In that case the menu
    items related to MOVE/COPY will be disabled!

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    


Clone or Compare objects

From main menu: Actions -> Clone or Compare objects

Clone or compare an object to the CURRENT open or another selected object


    This submenu contains all menu-items related to CLONING
    between objects like Disks, Partitions, Volumes or Images.

    Cloning will make a sector-by-sector exact copy from one object
    to another one of the same or a different type. The size to be
    copied is the lesser of both objects and it is advised to clone
    only objects that have the exact same sizes to avoid truncation.

    Only the object CONTENTS is copied, related sectors like LVM-info
    or partition-table sectors (EBR) are NOT part of the clone.

    For copying or moving Partitions to or within freespace areas,
    where the partition-tables ARE updated, see the MOVE and COPY
    items elsewhere in this menu.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

   


Disk to Disk ...

From main menu: Actions -> Clone or Compare objects -> Disk to Disk ...

Clone a to-be-selected Disk to another to-be-selected Disk (copy whole disk)

Menu item screenshot(s)


    Cloning will make a sector-by-sector exact copy from one Disk
    to another one. The size to be copied is the lesser of both and
    it is advised to clone TO a Disk of the same or larger size.

    The WHOLE disk CONTENTS is copied, including LVM-information
    and partition-table sectors (MBR/EBR).

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    


Partition to Partition ...

From main menu: Actions -> Clone or Compare objects -> Partition to Partition ...

Clone a to-be-selected Partition to another to-be-selected Partition, backup

Menu item screenshot(s)


    Cloning will make a sector-by-sector exact copy from one Partition
    to another one. The size to be copied is the lesser of both and
    it is advised to clone TO a Partition of the same size.

    Only the partition CONTENTS is copied, related sectors like LVM
    or partition-table sectors (EBR) are NOT part of the clone.

    Cloning partitions is an excellent way to make a BACKUP of important
    partitions (like your system boot partition) since it can be restored
    quickly in case of problems with the original (after viruses etc).

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    


Volume to Volume ...

From main menu: Actions -> Clone or Compare objects -> Volume to Volume ...

Clone a to-be-selected Volume to another to-be-selected Volume (diskette)


    Cloning will make a sector-by-sector exact copy from one Volume
    to another one. The size to be copied is the lesser of both and
    it is advised to clone TO a Volume of the same size.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    



Disk to Current object

From main menu: Actions -> Clone or Compare objects -> Disk to Current object

Clone a to-be-selected Disk to the currently opened object (dangerous!)


    Cloning will make a sector-by-sector exact copy from a Disk
    to the CURRENT opened object, which can be any type.

    The WHOLE disk CONTENTS is copied, including LVM-information
    and partition-table sectors (MBR/EBR).

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    


Partition to Current object

From main menu: Actions -> Clone or Compare objects -> Partition to Current object

Clone a to-be-selected Partition to the currently opened object (dangerous!)

Menu item screenshot(s)


    Cloning will make a sector-by-sector exact copy from a Partition
    to the CURRENT opened object, which can be any type.

    Only the partition CONTENTS is copied, related sectors like LVM
    or partition-table sectors (EBR) are NOT part of the clone.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    


Volume to Current object

From main menu: Actions -> Clone or Compare objects -> Volume to Current object

Clone a to-be-selected Volume to the currently opened object (dangerous!)


    Cloning will make a sector-by-sector exact copy from a Volume
    to the CURRENT opened object, which can be any type.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    



File and sector List

From main menu: Actions -> File and sector List

Operate on the list of files/sectors, including display and file-recovery


    This submenu contains several actions upon the list of sectors,
    often each sector representing a single file or an important
    partitioning related sector.

    The list can be imported, exported, displayed in several ways
    and when containing file references, the files can be recovered.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

   


Export sector-list ...

From main menu: Actions -> File and sector List -> Export sector-list ...

Export the list of sectors to an ASCII file for later use (or for import)

Menu item screenshot(s)


    This will write the DFSee sector-list to an ASCII file
    (.SN?/.LSN) containing one sectornumber on every line.

    When you select the checkbox for 'Export each DATA sector ...'
    the data for those sectors is written to a related binary file
    as well (.BN?/.BIN) so you can later restore that to the same
    location using the corresponding import menu-selection.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    


Import sector-list ...

From main menu: Actions -> File and sector List -> Import sector-list ...

Import ASCII file with sectornumbers to the DFSee sector list (exported)

Menu item screenshot(s)


    This will restore the DFSee sector-list from an ASCII file
    (.SN?/.LSN) containing one sectornumber on every line.

    Each line may contain other text after the sectornumber, to
    allow importing from a logfile with more verbose find results
    like a DELFIND of FILEFIND action.

    When you select the checkbox for 'Import each DATA sector ...'
    the data for those sectors is restored from the related binary
    file (.BN?/.BIN) as well

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    



Show sectornumbers only

From main menu: Actions -> File and sector List -> Show sectornumbers only

Show values in the list with sector numbers in the most compact format


    This will display the DFSee sector-list in the most compact format,
    with 8 sectornumbers per line in hexadecimal format (list -w)

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    


Compact show list F9

From main menu: Actions -> File and sector List -> Compact show list F9

Show values in the list with sector numbers in a default compact format

Menu item screenshot(s)


    This will display the DFSee sector-list in a compact format, suited
    to the data contained in the list

    This usually is a 'list -f' or a 'list -s' variant.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    


Directory Browse list

From main menu: Actions -> File and sector List -> Directory Browse list

Browse files/directories from the current sector list (like a FileManager)


    This will show the CURRENT contents of the sectorlist in the
    browse dialog (a bit like a Filemanager)

    The dialog will allow 'actions' to be performed on the listed
    files/directories, using <ENTER> to get the popup menu:

                 - View contents, as ASCII on File/Dir
                 - View as x86 Assembler - disassembly
                 - HEX-edit, contents only on File/Dir
                 - Edit Contents, autoview on File/Dir
                 - View OS/2 EA or Xattr on a File/Dir
                 - Edit DATA area sectors for File/Dir
                 - Edit META:Inode/Fnode/MFT/Dir-entry
                 - Edit the base filename for File/Dir
                 - Copy/Recover File(s) to other drive
                 - Reduce list to SELECTED files only

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    


Verbose show list, contents

From main menu: Actions -> File and sector List -> Verbose show list, contents

Show contents of the sectors in the list in verbose-data or filename format

Menu item screenshot(s)


    This will display the DFSee sector-list in a more verbose format,
    suited to the data contained in the list. This could be in the form
    of one path+filename on a line for lists representing filenames, to
    detailed sector-dumps for lists related to partitioning information.

    This usually is a 'list -d' or a 'list -b' variant.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    


Allocation and SLT identify

From main menu: Actions -> File and sector List -> Allocation and SLT identify

Show allocation status, path+filename/sectortype + related info from the SLT


    This will display the Free/Allocated status for each sectornumber
    in the list, and when available, it will display additional info
    by using the 'Sector Lookup Table' (SLT)

    When the sector is related to a file, the filename and some related
    information like the directory it is in will be displayed, otherwise
    a filesystem-area or freespace area is indicated.

    The SLT will be built when using a 'CHECK xxx filesystem' selection
    or when the 'Show Sector-Lookup-Table' menu selection is used.
    (or the SLT or CHECK commands from the commandline)

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    



FS-mode aware list 1-liners

From main menu: Actions -> File and sector List -> FS-mode aware list 1-liners

Show list with sector numbers as 1-liners, using a recorded filesystem-mode

Menu item screenshot(s)


    This will display the DFSee sector-list in a compact format,
    suited to the data contained in the list, when known

    This usually is a 'list -f' or a 'list -s' variant.

    The FS-mode, reflected by the 'Mode=xxxx' menu and the 'mode=xxxx'
    display in the DFSee status line, will be temporarily set to the
    mode it was during creation of the list, to make sure any additional
    intelligence or formatting of the list is preserved.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    


FS-mode aware list contents

From main menu: Actions -> File and sector List -> FS-mode aware list contents

Show contents of the sectors in the list, using a recorded filesystem-mode

Menu item screenshot(s)


    This will display the DFSee sector-list in a more verbose format,
    suited to the data contained in the list. This could be in the form
    of one path+filename on a line for lists representing filenames, to
    detailed sector-dumps for lists related to partitioning information.

    This usually is a 'list -d' or a 'list -b' variant.

    The FS-mode, reflected by the 'Mode=xxxx' menu and the 'mode=xxxx'
    display in the DFSee status line, will be temporarily set to the
    mode it was during creation of the list, to make sure any additional
    intelligence or formatting of the list is preserved.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    



Recover files from list ...

From main menu: Actions -> File and sector List -> Recover files from list ...

Recover (selected) files from the list to a supplied recovery directory


    This will allow you to recover (copy) one or more of the files in the
    list to any local or network directory on your system.

    It will prompt for a destination directory first, using the last used
    one as a default. All files recovered in one go, will be recovered to
    this same directory, with their original path appended to retain the
    directory structure whenever possible.

    It will also prompt for a selection specification in the form of a
    full PATH+FILENAME wildcard and an optional allocation-percentage.

    As an example, the specification:

       '*mydoc*\*project_x*.doc%100'

       will recover all files that have 'mydoc' somewhere in the PATH,
       'project_x' in the filename and have an extension of '.doc' that
       seem to be 100% recoverable. (100% allocation-OK ranking).

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    



Wipe all sectors in list

From main menu: Actions -> File and sector List -> Wipe all sectors in list

Wipe all sectors in the sectorlist to ZEROES (as listed by 'list -w')

Menu item screenshot(s)


    This will WIPE every sector in the sector-list to ZEROES.

    There are several possible uses for this function, like:

       - Erasing filenodes (HPFS) for deleted files
         This will exclude the files from subsequent searching
         for deleted files, making UNDELETE impossible.

           Create list using: Mode=HPFS -> Search deleted files => list

       - Erasing all partitioning related sectors from a disk
         This will make sure new partitioning will not inherit
         ANYTHING from the previous setup of the same disk.

           Create list using: Mode=FDISK -> Search partitioning sectors

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    



SLT errors to sector-list

From main menu: Actions -> File and sector List -> SLT errors to sector-list

Copy sectors marked with errors in the SLT, to the sector-list for analysis


    Copy sector numbers for sectors marked with errors
    to the sector-list for further analysis

    All sectors marked with any error except 0x01 are copied.

    After being copied to the sector-list they can be listed,
    and more important they can be EXPORTED including data, so
    the sectors can be analysed remotely (support)

    When a finer selection of sectors is required, the SLT2LIST
    command may be used directly with the appropriate parameters

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

    



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