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(Documentation for the BASIC Mode=NTFS menu)
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(Mode=NTFS)


Mode=NTFS Menu: [Windows-NT/W2K/XP/W7/W8 native File System]

Allocation map display

From main menu: Mode=NTFS -> Allocation map display

Display a pseudo-graphical map of used versus free sectors in the filesystem

Menu item screenshot(s)


    Display a usage map for the currently selected disk or filesystem

    A pseudo-graphical map of the disk or partition allocation is
    displayed, showing the distribution of data over the object

    This is also an indication for the amount of unused sectors in
    the object, that are beneficial to 'SMART-SECTOR' optimizations
    in imaging and cloning operations.

    The percentage of used sectors are displayed as a percentage at
    the end of the line, and a total usage percentage and size is
    shown just after the map itself.

    For filesystems that support resizing, the limits for resizing
    are shown after the map itself.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

   



Set Standard Volume Label

From main menu: Mode=NTFS -> Set Standard Volume Label

Display/Edit the 32-character volume label located in the $Volume MFT record


    This will present a small dialog to display and/or edit the
    standard (DIR) label, with a maximum length of 32-characters
    and located in the $Volume MFT record

    This standard label is used to identify the filesystem in
    commands like DIR and FORMAT

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

   


Set Volume Serial Number

From main menu: Mode=NTFS -> Set Volume Serial Number

Change the volume serial number, making this volume unique (after clone :-)


    This will update the 'volume serial number' in the bootsector

    This could be REQUIRED for some operating systems after cloning
    a filesystem, to make sure the volume serial numbers are unique.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

   



Fix Bootsector from SPARE

From main menu: Mode=NTFS -> Fix Bootsector from SPARE

Fix bootsector by replacing it by the the spare-one, when found at end


    This will create a new NTFS bootsector for the partition by replacing
    it with the spare-copy found at the end of the partition.

    This can be very useful when the bootsector got damaged by a virus
    or a crashing program (writing to sector 0) or if the partition was
    deleted by accident using FDISK or LVM and recreated again.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

   


Fix BOOT.INI partition index

From main menu: Mode=NTFS -> Fix BOOT.INI partition index

Find (first) BOOT.INI, update default partition-index to fix a boot failure


    This will prompt for a replacement value for the partition-index
    to be used in the 'default' boot line in the BOOT.INI file.

    Specify '*' or 'fix' to use the value calculated by DFSee,
    or fill in a numeric value if you want to try another one.

    Add a ' -2' after this value to force BOTH occurences in the
    BOOT.INI file to be updated at the same time. Updating just one
    might be safer, since the old value is still there too, but it
    will result in a the Windows BOOTMANAGER menu toi be displayed
    with these two (now different) partitions selected.
    The corrected one will be the 'default' line ...

    In some situations, it might be needed to try out a few values
    to find the one that will allow Windows to boot again ...

    It will then search for the first occurence of a 'BOOT.INI' file
    in the currently opened filesystem (FAT, FAT32 or NTFS).

    When found, some info of the file will be displayed, and the line
    containing the DEFAULT partition to be booted will be displayed
    including the 'partition(W)' partition index. It should look like:

        default=multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(2)\WINDOWS

    Below that line, the partition-index calculated by DFSee is shown.

    Incorrect values for the default partition-index will lead to
    boot failures with messages like:

        Invalid Boot.ini

    or

        Windows could not start because the following file
        is missing or corrupt: Windows\system32\Hal.dll

    The specified or calculated value will be substituted for the
    partition-index in the default line.

    Of course you need to reboot to test if this fix worked ...

    Note:
    Unless you specify the ' -2' option with the value,
    this is NOT a full 'REPAIR' of your BOOT.INI file!
    It is just the minimum update to allow booting Windows again!
    You must properly edit boot.ini once Windows is running again,
    or use 'bootcfg /rebuild' from the recovery-console that can
    be started from regular Windows installation CDs.

    When there is damage to the BOOT.INI file beyond an incorrect
    partition-index, fixing it this way might not be possible.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

   


Fix HiddenSectors/Geo value

From main menu: Mode=NTFS -> Fix HiddenSectors/Geo value

Fix bootsector HiddenSectors and geometry fields to match partition tables


    This will update the 'hidden sectors' field in the bootsector
    to match the offset to the partition-table the partition is
    defined in and update the geometry Heads and Sectors field to
    match the current disk geometry.

    This could be REQUIRED for some operating systems like OS/2
    to accept and mount the partition as a driveletter!

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

   



Reset bad sectors

From main menu: Mode=NTFS -> Reset bad sectors

Reset the bad-sector administration to show ZERO bad-sectors or clusters


    This will check for bad-sectors being present in the
    filesystem and when present, reset to NO bad sectors.

     FAT:   Reset all 'BAD' values in the FAT to FREE
     EFAT:  Reset all 'BAD' values in the FAT to FREE
     NTFS:  Update $BadClus and $BitMap to reset bad-clusters
     HPFS:  Make the bad-sector-list in the spare-block empty

    This can be very useful after cloning or imaging a partition
    or disk that includes bad-sectors to a new replacement one.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

   



Set FS status Normal

From main menu: Mode=NTFS -> Set FS status Normal

Update $Volume special file flags to indicate filesystem is in NORMAL state


    This will update the fileystem-status field in the NTFS $Volume file
    to indicate that filesystem is in a NORMAL state, no CHKDSK required

    This can be useful to avoid an automatic CHKDSK after that flag has
    been set by a utility (such as DFSee) or by a 'CHKDSK C: /f' or the
    corresponding context-menu item for the system volume.

    It CANCELS the scheduled CHKDSK that would be done on the next boot.

    Note: The filesystem itself is NOT cleaned in any way, it is just the
          statusflag in the $Volume special file that is modified.

    The clean versus dirty state of the filesystem itself is kept in the
    $Logfile special file (journal log) and can not be modified by DFSee
    It IS displayed when opening an NTFS partition, or whenever the
    DIRTY command is used.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

   


Set FS status Dirty

From main menu: Mode=NTFS -> Set FS status Dirty

Update $Volume special file flags to indicate filesystem needs CHKDSK to run


    This will update the fileystem-status field in the NTFS $Volume file
    to indicate that filesystem is DIRTY.

    This will force a 'CHKDSK /f' on the next boot of Windows

    Note: The filesystem itself is NOT affected in any other way, it is
    just the 'CHKDSK required' statusflag that is modified.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

   



Analyse NTFS filesystem

From main menu: Mode=NTFS -> Analyse NTFS filesystem

Check filesystem for inconsistencies and errors (Readonly, no fixing!)


    This will perform a CHECK of the filesystem, somewhat like the
    well-known CHKDSK but without automatically fixing anything.

    The result of the check is a sector-lookup-table (SLT) that contains
    information about all recognized filesystem areas that are in use.

    Any error recognized will be flagged in the default display of
    this SLT that is performed automatically by the CHECK command.

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

   



Reselect whole disk, FDISK

From main menu: Mode=NTFS -> Reselect whole disk, FDISK

Unselect filesystem, reselect the same/first disk; enables Mode=FDISK menu


    This will UNSELECT the current object/filesystem, and reselect a
    whole physical disk, either the same disk as the partition was on,
    or the first disk present in other cases.

    This is a quick way to change to 'Mode=FDISK' and work on
    disk-level issues

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    Press <F1> again for more help; Some options may require switching to 'Expert mode'

   



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(to DFSee main pages)  |  File  |  Edit  |  Actions  |  Image  |  View  |  Scripts  |  Set  |  Help  |  (to EXPERT menu)
Mode=FDISK  |  APFS  |  AUX  |  DUMPFS  |  EXTn  |  EFAT  |  FAT  |  HFS+  |  HPFS  |  ISO  |  JFS  |  NTFS  |  REISER  |  SWAP  |  XFS
(Mode=NTFS page) DFSee menu documentation for pulldown : Mode=NTFS
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